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Guidelines for safe transfer of forage grass germplasm | Safe transfer of forage grass germplasm | Safe Transfer of Germplasm (STOG) | General genebank management strategies and principles | Resources | Genebank Platform

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Guidelines for Safe Transfer of Forage Grass Germplasm

Contributors to this page: CIAT, Colombia (Maritza Cuervo, Cesar Medina, Jose Luis Ramirez, Socorro Balcazar, Josefina Martinez, Daniel Debouck); ILRI, Ethiopia (Jean Hanson, Janice Proud, Juvy Cantrell).

Technical Guidelines for the Safe Transfer of Germplasm and the
Protection of CGIAR Germplasm Banks

Pathogens of quarantine significance of forage grass (CIAT, ILRI)

Viruses
Digitaria striate rhabdovirus (DSV)
Elephant grass mosaic virus (EMV)
Guineagrass mosaic virus (GGMV)
Johnsongrass mosaic virus (JGMV)
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV)
Maize streak virus (MSV)
Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV)
Bacteria
Xanthomonas axonopodispv.phaseoli.
Xanthomonas campestris pv. graminis (Egli et al.)Dye
Xanthomonas campestres pv. Phlei
Fungi
Ascochyta graminícola (Sacc. [Reported in Andropogon gayanus by Lenné, 1994].
Ascochyta paspali (H. Sydow) Punith [Reported in Paspalum sp. by Lenné, 1994].
Botrytis cinerea(Pers. 1794 (Teleomorph. Sclerotinia fuckeliana (de Bary) Fuckel).
Curvularia spp.  
Curvularia cymbopogonis (Dodge) Groves et Skolko – Purple leaf spot
Curvularia penniseti (Mitra) Boedijn Synonym: Acrothecium penniseti Mitra
 – Curvularia leaf spot
Curvularia pallescens Boedijn 1933 Synonym: Pseudocochliobolus pallescens
                Tsuda & Ueyama
Drechslera spp.
Drechslera setarie (S. Ito and Kuribay.) Dastur.
D. sacchari (Butler) Subram. and Jain             
Helminthosporium spp.      New classification: Exserohilum spp.
Phoma sorghina (Sacc.) Boerema, Dorenb, and van Kest.
Pyricularia oryzae Cavara
Synonym: Pyricularia grisea (Cooke) Sacc., anamorph of Magnaporthe grisea (T. T. Hebert) Yaegashi & Udagawa.
Rhizoctonia solani J.G. Kühn 1858 (Teleomorph Thanatephorus cucumeris (Frank) Donk.)
Synonym: Thanatephorus cucumeris (A.B. Frank) Donk 1956
Sphacelia sp. (Teleomorph. Claviceps spp.)
Claviceps sp., Claviceps sulcata Langdon, Claviceps cynodontis Langdon, Claviceps pucilla Ces., Claviceps paspali F.L. Stev. and Hall., Claviceps maximens Theiis
Tilletia aryesii Berk.
Ustilago kamurensis P. & H. Sydow
Insects
Acantoscelides sp.
Zabrotes spp.
Nematodes
Ditylenchus dipsaci (Kühn) Filipjev
Meloidogyne spp.
Phytoplasma
Stunt disease

The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.

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