Case studies - CIP potato and sweet potato

Contributors to this section: CIP, Lima, Peru (Carols Chuquillanqui, Segundo Fuentes, Ivan Manrique, Giovanna Muller, Willmer Pérez, Reinhard Simon, David Tay, Liliam Gutarra); CIP, Nairobi, Kenya (Ian Barker); FERA, UK (Derek Tomlinson, Julian Smith, David Galsworthy, James Woodhall).

International Potato Centre (CIP) case studies on germplasm health testing of potato and sweet potato held in tissue culture

In the mid 2000s, CIP set out to ensure all tissue-culture material held at its headquarters at CIP was tested for listed pathogens to an internationally recognised standard ISO 17025. The principles of quality assurance and ISO accreditation are provided in the page on Quality assurance within pest diagnostic laboratory procedures. Accordingly, in partnership with Food and Environment research Agency (FERA) in the UK, the CIP tissue culture germplasm collection held at Lima acquired ISO17025 accreditation in 2007/8 for the pests for which diagnostic protocols are provided in this section. (See potato and sweet potato protocols pages).

Equivalent systems are not in place for other germplasms collections held by the CGIAR.

In the following we provide an overview of the CIP accreditation process and suggest this as an example for institutes to observe in order to develop equivalent ‘best practices’ for any clonal crop.

The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.