Safety duplication of cultivated rice, wild rice and related genera genetic resources

Contributors to this page: T.T. Chang Genetic Resources Centre-IRRI, Los Baños, Philippines (Ruaraidh Sackville Hamilton, Ken McNally, Flora de Guzman, Renato Reaño, Soccie Almazan, Adelaida Alcantara, Elizabeth Naredo); WARDA, Cotonou, Benin (Ines Sánchez); UPLB-University of the Philippines, Los Baños (Teresita Borromeo).

IRRI ships 35.5 million seeds to Svalbard

After months of preparation by staff of the Genetic Resources Center at IRRI, a replicate set of the Global Rice Collection from 123 countries held by IRRI left for the Svalbard Global Seed Vault or ‘Doomsday Vault’. IRRI is contributing the largest number of accessions for a crop (70 180) and the largest estimated number of seeds (35 577 576). The video shows GRC staff members preparing and loading seed containers. Click to see the video on YouTube.

When should it be used

Current best practices are for two levels of safety backup:

Sample specifications

Minimum sample size for storage

Viability for storage

Moisture content

Container specifications

Seed packaging method

Preparing seed packets

Preparing containers for seed packets, to pack final container for shipping and storage

Specifications of packaging material

Seed packets

Shipping/storage containers

Storage specifications

Assigning location codes in boxes

Storage conditions

Shipping method

Legal arrangements

All shipments must be accompanied by

Recording information during safety duplication

The following information should be recorded for each step:

References and further reading

Agreement between (Depositor) and the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food Concerning the Deposit of Seeds in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. Available [online] from: Date accessed: 10 July 2013.

The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.