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Distribution of cultivated chickpea and wild relatives genetic resources

Contributors to this page: ICRISAT, Patancheru, India (Hari D Upadhyaya, Shivali Sharma, Cholenahalli L Laxmipathi Gowda, Dintyala Sastry, Sube Singh); NBPGR, New Delhi, India (Shyam Sharma); ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria (Ahmed Amri, Kenneth Street, Natalya Rukhkyan), SARC-RIPP, Piestany, Slovak Republic (Gabriela Antalikova); Institute of Plant Genetic Resources ‘K.Malkov’, Sadovo, Bulgaria (Siyka Stoyanova); Department of Primary Industries, Victoria, Australia (Bob Redden); IPK, Gatersleben, Germany (Andreas Börner).

Contents:
Policies and regulations
Users
Procedures
Information

Policies and regulations for distribution

Common policies on distribution and access to plant material

Policy exceptions

National laws and regulations

Based on countries’ sovereign rights over germplasm and National Biodiversity Policies:

International laws and regulations

Based on the ITPGRFA, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Germplasm Exchange and Quarantine of ICRISAT Mandate Crops.

Phytosanitary regulations

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User related issues for distribution

Feedback to users

This is based upon the various centres’ practices and experience (aiming to respond promptly with required accessions):

Customer assurance

Based on GIMS, Germplasm catalogues, SINGER database; PGRFA policy for free and open access to germplasm and documentation.

Feedback from users

Send a Germplasm Utilization Feedback form with every supply, with the following issues:

Quantity of material recommended to be distributed

Unless special urgent circumstances are presented (Upadhyaya and Laxmipathi, 2009):

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Procedures for distribution

Check availability

Preparing samples for distribution

Preparing the information list to accompany the plant material

According to the Genebank Manual of ICRISAT (Upadhyaya and Laxmipathi, 2009).

Dispatching the plant material

packets_for_distribution

Envelopes containing chickpea seeds ready for distribution (photo: ICRISAT)

According to the Genebank Manual of ICRISAT (Upadhyaya and Laxmipathi, 2009)

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Recording information

Recording information during distribution

The following information must be recorded for each accession:

System for tracking material/inventory system for distribution

References and further reading

Chakrabarty SK, Anitha K, Girish AG, Sarath BB, Prasada RRDVJ, Varaprasad KS, Khetarpal RK, Thakur RP. 2005. Germplasm Exchange and Quarantine of ICRISAT Mandate Crops. Information Bulletin No. 69. Rajendranagar 500 030, Andhra Pradesh, India: National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources; and Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. 80 pp. ISBN 92-9066-481-9.

Chickpea. [online]. Availalable from: http://www.icrisat.org/crop-chickpea.htm. Date accessed: 30 January 2010.

FAO/IPGRI. 1994. Genebank standards. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome and International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome. Available in English, Spanish, French and Arabic.

GIMS (Genebank Information Management System) – a standalone facility of ICRISAT Genebank. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, A.P. 502 324, India. In: Manual of Genebank Operations and Procedures – Technical Manual no. 6. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India: ISBN 92-9066-421-5.

ICRISAT Chickpea collection. SINGER [online] Available from: http://www.singer.cgiar.org/index.jsp?page=showkeycount&search=coc=co38. Date accessed: 30 January 2010.

Upadhyaya HD, Laxmipathi Gowda CL. 2009. Managing and Enhancing the Use of Germplasm – Strategies and Methodologies. Technical Manual no. 10. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. 236 pp.

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The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.

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