Safety duplication of cultivated barley and wild relatives genetic resources

Contributors to this page: ICARDA, Syria (Ahmed Amri, Bilal Humeid, Kenneth Street, Natalya Rukhkyan, Jan Konopka, Siham Asaad, Adnan Omran and Fida Alô).

When should it be used

For all original seeds collected by the genebank or only held by the genebank (seeds which are duplicates from other collections can usually be retrieved from those collections and do not require safety duplication unless there is doubt about their security in the other collection). See also the general page on safety duplication procedures.

Sample specifications

The sample size should be sufficient for conducting at least three regenerations.

Photo flipbook by ICARDA

Minimum sample size for storage

Viability for storage

Moisture content

Container specifications

Seed packaging method

Specifications of packaging material

Storage specifications

Assigning location codes in boxes

Storage conditions

Shipping method

Legal arrangements

The documentation listed below should be included to facilitate customs clearance:

Recording information during safety duplication

The following information should be recorded for each step:

References and further reading

FAO/IPGRI. 1994. Genebank standards. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome and International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome. Available in English, Spanish, French and Arabic.

The Genebanks

The 11 CGIAR genebanks currently conserve 730,000 of cereals and grain legumes, forage crops, tree species, root and tuber crops, bananas and crop wild relatives.